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Clean cookstoves for reducing airborne health problems
Experts stress need of researches and intensified promotion in Nepal

Air pollution is a big problem to the world community. Least developed, developing and excluding a few developed countries are facing this problem. Dust and smoke belched by factories, and vehicles are main causes of urban air pollution while smoky traditional cooking systems are to be blamed for rural air pollution.

The diseases generated by air pollution are killing millions of human every year in the world and many people get suffered of such diseases. The degradation of environment is another big negative effect of the air pollution. As such, many sorts of efforts have been put to minimise the air pollution effects. Clean cook solution is one such effort launched around the world especially in the developing countries. The efforts are fetching expectable results, reports say. The total eradication of smoky cooking systems is the destination which may be obtained with more intensified efforts. Knowledge on technology and creating affordability are still challenges. Millennium Development Goal, Sustainable development Goal, Sustainable Energy for All and other global movements are supporting to enhance clean cook solutions. Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves is one such movement. The alliance is a public-private partnership hosted by the UN Foundation to save lives, improve livelihoods, empower women, and protect the environment by creating a thriving global market for clean and efficient household cooking solutions. The alliance is working with a strong network of public, private and non-profit partners to accelerate the production, deployment, and use of clean and efficient cookstoves and fuels in developing countries

Since 2010 the groundwork has been laid for a thriving global market for cleaner and more efficient cookstoves and fuels. Still, many barriers remain, in particular on the demand side related to awareness, availability, affordability, and sustained adoption of cleaner cooking options. The alliance and its partners are working to address these barriers by engaging in a six step process to generate demand and ensure ongoing and near exclusive use.

GACC’s awareness-raising campaigns are complemented by efforts to make cleaner cooking solutions more affordable and accessible, including technical and financial interventions around distribution and consumer financing. As more options for financing and retail distribution points become available, this information will be incorporated into messaging. Further, as demand and interest for clean cookstoves and fuels grows. Consumer awareness activities of the alliance will be closely monitored and evaluated to determine which are most effective in realizing initial adoption and use, scale, conversion into clean stove and fuel sales, and sustained adoption. The lessons learned will be posted to this website as they become available.

Nepal Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (NACC) is engaged in all renewable clean cooking technologies including Improved Cookstoves, solar cookers, biogas and electricity based cooking. Fossil fuel based technologies such as LPG, kerosene etc., despite being clean cooking options, have not been included within the scope of NACC as these are outside the purview of AEPC.

Improved cookstoves made of mud-brick, metallic improved cookstoves, bio-gas, solar thermal devices, electricity and LPG are the technologies applicated in Nepal as clean cookstoves. ICSs and biogas are the affordable technologies for the rural people. According to Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC), nearly 400,000 household size biogas plants and around 1.2 ICSs have been installed so far and the country aims to install clean cooking solutions to all households by 2022 The strategic intent of NACC is to coordinate efforts and create synergies for providing Clean Cooking Solutions for All by 2017. AEPC, the government agency responsible for promotion established 21 years ago has been successful in its aims to achieve. The private sector also has been successful in supply, delivery and installation of the technologies for clean cooking solutions.

Although, the achievement report cards are satisfactory, the campaign for clean cookstoves need to be intensified so as all households must get the solution for the better health, better living and to reinstate better environment. Therefore, more such plans and programmes are in action in Nepal. The external supports and domestic efforts are still in need to be enhanced while Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves is actively working with Alternative Energy Promotion Centre and other stakeholders to enhance the efforts in Nepal.     

Renewable Energy Confederation of Nepal (RECoN), the single organisation of Renewable Energy Confederation of Nepal (RECoN) organized an interaction to discuss on status of importance, present status in Nepal and other places. The event held on Friday December 15, 2017 was participated in by experts and professionals. Arijit Basu, Regional Director, Market Development in of Global Alliance for Clean Cookstove (Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia) was also participated the interaction programme. On the occasion, Basu elaborated the programme structures of GACC in different countries based on the socio-cultural behaviours. He also said that research in marketing strategies is the important aspects to promote in the countries like Nepal. As such, GACC may extend its supports in enhancing the clean cookstoves campaign in Nepal.

Er. Ganesh, Dr. Indira Shakya, Vishwa Bushan Amatya, Karuna Bajracharya, Hasta Pandit, Sushim Man Amatya, Sadeep Kanth and Aashish Pradhan also stressed the need of researches and intensified promotion in Nepal. The participants also suggested that capacity development to the technical hands and experience sharing with experts and professionals.  

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